In this article, we will explain basics of hacking and different types of hacking methods for beginners.
What is Hacking?
Hacking is pinpoint fragility in computer systems or networks to take guide of its weaknesses to perceive access. Example of Hacking: Using password snap algorithm to realize access to a system
Computers became mandatory to run a successful businesses. it’s not enough to possess remote computers systems; they have to be networked to facilitate communication with external businesses. This reveal them to the surface world and hacking. Hacking means using computers to commit fraudulent acts like fraud, privacy attack, stealing corporate/personal data, etc. Cyber crimes cost many organizations many dollars Per Annum . Businesses got to protect themselves against such attacks.
Who may be a Hacker? sorts of Hackers
A Hacker may be a one that finds and utilize the weakness in computer systems and/or networks to realize access. Hackers are generally skilled computer programmers with knowledge of computer security.
Hackers are classified consistent with the object of their actions. The following list classifies hackers consistent with their intent.
Ethical Hacker (White hat): A hacker who acquires access to systems with a view to repair the identified weaknesses. they’ll also perform penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.
Cracker (Black hat): A hacker who acquires unauthorized access to computer systems for private gain. The purpose is typically to steal corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts etc.
Grey hat: A hacker who is in allying ethical and black hat hackers. He/she cracks into computer systems without power with a view to spot weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.
Script kiddies: A non-skilled one that acquires access to computer systems using already build tools.
Hacktivist: A hacker who utilize hacking to send social, religious, and political, etc. messages. this is often usually done by hijacking websites and leaving the message on the hijacked website.
Phreaker: A hacker who identifies and utilize fragility in telephones rather than computers.
What is Cybercrime?
Cyber crime is criminal activity that either targets or uses a computer network or a networked device.Most,but not all,cybercrime is committed by cyber criminals or hackers who want money. Most cybercrimes are committed through the web . Some cybercrimes also can be administered using Mobile phones via SMS and online chatting applications.
Type of Cybercrime:
The following list presents the common sorts of cybercrimes:
Computer Fraud: Intentional fraud for private gain via the utilization of computer systems.
Privacy violation: Exhibiting personal information like email addresses, telephone numbers, account details, etc. on social media, websites, etc.
Identity Theft: Abstract personal information from somebody and impersonating that person.
Sharing copyrighted files/information: This involves issue copyright-protected files like eBooks and computer programs etc.
Electronic funds transfer: This means accquiring unauthorized access to bank computer networks and making illegal fund transfers.
Electronic money laundering: This involves the utilization of the pc to launder money.
ATM Fraud: This involves intercepting ATM card details like account number and PIN numbers. These details are then custom to withdraw funds from the intercepted accounts.
Denial of Service Attacks: This involves the utilization of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down.
Spam: Sending unauthorized emails. These emails usually contain advertisements.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical Hacking is recognizing weakness in computer systems and/or computer networks and coming with countermeasures that protect the weaknesses. Ethical hackers must abide by the subsequent rules.
Get written allowance from the owner of the pc system and/or network before hacking.
Protect the privacy of the organization been hacked.
Transparently report all the identified weaknesses within the computing system to the organization.
Why Ethical Hacking?
Information is one of the foremost valuable assets of a corporation. Keeping information secure can protect a corporation ’s image and save an organization tons of cash.
Hacking can basis loss business for organizations that deal in finance like PayPal. Ethical hacking sets them a step before the cybercriminals who would otherwise cause loss of business.
The legality of Ethical Hacking
Ethical Hacking is legal if the hacker supports by the principles stipulated within the above section on the definition of ethical hacking. The International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) yields a certification program that tests individual’s skills. those that pass the examination are awarded with certificates. The certificates are alleged to be renewed after a while .