Most important 10 Cyber Security interview questions and answers




Why Cybersecurity is important?

Cybersecurity is important because it encloses everything that regards to protecting our sensitive data, personal identifiable information(PII), protected health information(PHI), personal information, intellectual property, data and governmental and industry information systems from theft and damage attempted by criminals and opponents.
cyber threats can come from any level of your corporation.you must educate your staff about simple social engineering scams like hacking and other most experienced cybersecurity attacks like cryptoware attacks(Ransomware attacks) and other malware designed to steal rational property and personal data.

Most Important 10 Cyber Security interview questions and answers:

1.What is cryptography?

Ans: cryptography is connected with the process of converting ordinary plain text into incomprehensible text and vice versa. It is the method of storing and transmitting data in a specific form so they only those for whom purposeful can read and process it. Cryptography not only preserves data from theft or modification but can also be used for user authentication.

2.Define Cyber security?

Cybersecurity is defined as the process of protecting computers, networks, programs, and data from unlawful access or attacks that are aimed for oppression. It is also known as information technology security.

3).What are the advantages of Cyber security?





The advantages of cybersecurity are :
a)It protects the business against cryptoware, malware, social engineering, and hacking.
b)It protects end-users.
c)It gives good protection for both data and as well as networks.
d)Increase recovery time after a violation.
e)Cybersecurity prevents illegal users.

4).What are the elements of cyber security?

Ans: The elements of cybersecurity are as follows:
a)Application security
b)Business continuity planning
c)End-user education
d)Information security
e)Network security
f)Operational security

5)What is CIA?

Ans: The three letters stand for confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Confidentiality: Confidentiality refers to a corporation’s efforts to keep its data private and secret. It’s all about controlling access to data to prevent illegal disclosure. This involves ensuring that only those who are authorized have ingress to specific benefits and that those who are illegal are actively prevented from obtaining ingress.
Integrity:
in everyday usage, integrity refers to the standard of something being whole. As is the case with private, integrity can be compromised directly via an attack vector, not caring, coding error, policy, and defense reaction.
Availability:
Availability means that system, web, and applications are up and running. It ensures that permit users have timely, reliable entrance to resources when they are needed.

6)What is Firewall?

It is a security system plan for the network. A firewall is a set on the borderline of any system or network which monitors and controls network traffic.

7)Explain Traceroute?

it is a gadget that shows the packet path. It lists all the points that the packet passes through. Traceroute is used mostly when the packet does not reach the landing place. Traceroute is used to check where the connection breaks or stops or to identify the failure.

8) What do you mean by data leakage?

Data leakage is an unauthorized transfer of knowledge to the surface world. Data leakage happens via email, optical media, laptops, and USB keys.

9) Explain the brute force attack. the way to prevent it?

It is a trial-and-error method to seek out out the proper password or PIN. Hackers repetitively try all the combinations of credentials. In many cases, brute force attacks are automated where the software automatically works to login with credentials. There are ways to stop Brute Force attacks. They are:

a)Setting password length.
b)Increase password complexity.
c)Set limit on login failures.

10)What is a VPN?

VPN stands for Virtual Private Network. it’s a network connection method for creating an encrypted and safe connection. This method protects data from interference, snooping, censorship.



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